National Geographic : 1898 May
CUBA the island and easy access for oceanic and coastal transportation. These harbors are nearly all pouch-shaped inlets indenting the coast, with narrow outlets pointed by elevated reef rock and capable of accommodating large numbers of vessels. They are so conveniently situated as regards different portions of the island that the trade of Cuba may be said literally to pass out at a hundred gates. The chief of these harbors are Habana, Ma tanzas, Nuevitas, Gibara, Nipe, and Baracoa, on the north coast, and Guantanamo, Santiago de Cuba, Manzanillo, Trinidad, and Cienfuegos, on the south. The last mentioned is said to be one of the finest harbors in the world. Habana, Cienfuegos, and Santiago are regularly visited by American and Spanish steam ers, while coastal steamers circumnavigate the island, touching at the minor ports, which are also sought by many tramps and sailing vessels in search of cargoes. SHIPPING The shipping trade, both foreign and coastal, is extensive, the American tonnage alone amounting to 1,000,000 per annum. About 1,200 ocean vessels, steam and sail, annually clear from Habana, while the sugar crop finds an outlet at all the principal ports. Lines of steamers coast the island, the north coast being served by lines from Habana and the south by lines from Bata bano, the southern entrepot of Habana. The tonnage of Ha bana and eight other ports for 1894 amounted to 3,538,539 tons, carried by 31,181 vessels. RAILWAYS The railways aggregate less than 1,000 miles of line, and con sist principally of the united system of Habana, extending through the tobacco and sugar districts of the west and center, and connecting the capital with Matanzas, Pinar del Rio, Bata bano, Cienfuegos, and Sagua, the system terminating at Santa Clara, 150 miles east of Habana. The entire half of the island east of Cienfuegos and Sagua is dependent upon water com munication, although several short local lines extend interior ward from Nuevitas, Remedios, and Santiago. There were about 2,810 miles of telegraph line in 1895, includ ing nearly 1,000 miles of cable, connecting the cities of the south coast and the Isle of Pines with Habana, via Batabano.