National Geographic : 1898 Dec
GEOGRAPHIC LITERATURE history of several nations, as Mr Hill's pages happily show, and has given origin to two of the world's significant experiments in popular govern ment. The subject of the twenty-sixth chapter is the Bahamas; then the Lesser Antilles-including of course storied Martinique, mother land of Josephine-and the Caribbees, the South American islands of Trinidad and Tobago and Curacao, and last of all Barbados, are treated in nine chapters. A chapter on the geological features of the West Indies cannot fail to attract scientific geographers, while the final (thirty-sev enth and thirty-eighth) chapters on race problems in the West Indies and on the future of this insular realm are worthy the scrutiny of states men. The scope of the book cannot better be indicated than by noting that it represents the recent observations and generalizations of a trained geographer, expressed in non-technical language; that it contains the best account extant of Cuba and its people; that it embodies the latest and largest accessible information concerning Puerto Rico; that its chap ters on Jamaica form the most convenient description of that island printed on this side of the Atlantic; that its account of Santo Domingo and its two republics is the only full and trustworthy one available; and finally that the work, as a whole, is by far the most complete and useful description of the West Indies, considered collectively, issued during recent years-indeed, it is the only modern handbook of the mid-Ameri can isles, and the best source of general information concerning each of them. Members of the National Geographic Society will feel a direct interest in the book as the work of one of their number; and the interest will be the greater in that it took inception in addresses before the Society and a widely read paper in THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAG AZINE for May last. While there are a few marks of haste in putting the material together-e. g., the misspelling of the name of a surgeon-general in body and index-the volume conveys the impression of large personal acquaintance with, and of mature thought concerning, its important sub ject. WJM. Railway Economics. ByH. T . Newcomb. Pp. 152. Philadelphia: Rail way World Publishing Company. 1898. $1.00. Into this exceedingly well-printed and in every way attractive volume Prof. H . T. Newcomb, whose contributions to periodical literature long ago gained for him an enviable reputation as a clear, sound, and forcible economic writer, especially on railroad subjects, has compressed an im mense amount of valuable information bearing upon the transportation problem. The book is principally devoted to the development, classifi cation, and analysis of facts concerning railroad rates and rate-making, and conclusions, except those most essential and obvious, are left to the reader. It is interesting to observe that, having approached the subject from the view-point of public interest, the author's examination of the history and present condition of railroad transportation tends unmistak ably to justify the limitation of competition, which, as between railroads, he plainly regards as costly and mischievous. J. H.