National Geographic : 1899 Jul
GEOGRAPHIC MISCELLANEA THE Johns Hopkins University has sent a medical expedition to Manila for the purpose of studying the characteristics of tropical diseases as they may be observed in the Philippine islands. Two of the professors in the Johns Hopkins Medical School, Dr Simon Flexner and Dr L. F. Barker, both of them highly trained pathologists of wide professional repute, volunteered for this service. They go well equipped with the best appa ratus for pathological and clinical observations. They carry letters of in troduction from officers of the government at Washington. Two medical students well advanced in their studies, Joseph M. Flint, of Chicago, and Frederick P. Gay, of Boston, are members of the party, and Mr J. V. Garrett, of Baltimore, is also a member. The expenses are defrayed by generous contributions from five Baltimore merchants. The party sailed from Vancouver for Manila, by way of Yokohama and Hongkong. Sev eral days were passed in Japan, where Professor Aoyama, in Tokyo, gave them special opportunities for observing certain cases of disease in the hospitals of that city. Upon reaching Manila, Drs Flexner and Barker commenced work at once, their inquiries being facilitated by the coop eration of Colonel Woodhull, M. D., U. S. A. In Manila there are two large army hospitals, the first and second reserve, the civil hospital under Dr Bournes (who accompanied Prof. Dean C. Worcester in his travels through the islands), the prison hospital at Cavite, and a convalescent hospital at Corregidor. IN " The Race for the North Pole," which appears in the June Munsey, Gen. A. W. Greely reviews the work of the three explorers, Peary and Wellman, Americans, and Sverdrup, Norwegian, who are trying to reach the Pole. Of the three explorers, Peary and Sverdrup have followed what is known as the American polar route by the channels leading from Baffin bay northward along the west coast of Greenland to the polar ocean. As to the probability of their success, General Greely states: " There are two phases of the question-first, whether the waterways to the west of Greenland are so ice-free as to justify the belief that either the WVindward or the Fram can round the northwestern point of Green land and enter St George's fiord; and, second, the possibility of the Fram circumnavigating Greenland, and that of either Peary or Sverdrup reach ing the Pole by sledge journeys." Even should an open ice season per mit either ship to reach St George's fiord, of which judging from past history there is little probability, it would never be able to leave the fiord. From St George's fiord the explorers could easily reach Cape Washington, the most northerly known land, 830 24' (gained by the Greely expedition), whence they would have a journey of 300 miles each way over the ice pack, or a distance three times greater than that cov ered by Nansen after leaving his ship. General Greely believes that Well man, who has chosen the Franz Josef Land route, has the most difficult task before him. "The difficulties of ice travel are very much greater in the case of Wellman than of either Peary or Sverdrup. The distance over the frozen sea from the northernmost point of Franz Josef Land to the Pole and back again cannot be much less than 1,000 miles, and no reader who has studied the narrative of Markham or Nansen can be lieve that such a journey is within human power in a single season."