National Geographic : 1899 Jul
METEOROLOGY IN THE PHILIPPINES The second party, in charge of Mr F. C. Schrader, geologist, and Mr T. G. Gerdine, topographer, will proceed by the now well established route down the Yukon to Fort Yukon, or some point in that vicinity whence a convenient route northward can be found. The equipment will be the same as that used last summer, consisting of canoes and outfit that can be easily packed and car ried. Beyond this starting point the route is left to the discretion of the chief of the party, but his general instructions are to pen etrate the basin of the upper Koyukuk as far as possible. The main purpose of this expedition is necessarily geographic, but geologic information will be gathered so far as practicable. It is expected that valuable information will be gathered to deter mine future plans for the exploration of the region between Bering sea and Arctic ocean. This party will continue its work until forced to retreat before the advent of winter, and will then float down on the swift current of the Koyukuk river. Neither party will winter in Alaska. Although the advantages of such a course have been recognized, careful consideration shows that it is not expedient with present knowledge and available means. METEOROLOGY IN THE PHILIPPINES In view of a public presentation and criticism, through the medium of a printed circular issued by the director of the Manila Central observatory, of action taken by the United States gov ernment in suspending all telegraphic typhoon warnings made by the Manila observatory for points outside of the Philippines, it seems proper to present for the information of all persons and interests concerned a statement of the facts and circumstances which led up to the action taken by the United States authorities. In a communication dated November 5,1898, Dr W. Doberck, Director of the Hongkong observatory, informed the Chief of the United States Weather Bureau that the Manila observatory was continually communicating'sensational typhoon warnings to the newspapers in Hongkong, and that as this action was against international regulations laid down for the guidance of meteoro logical authorities, which prohibit an authority in one country to issue storm warnings for another country, he desired and rec ommended that the American government of the Philippines put a stop to this irregularity, which interfered so materially with the work of the Hongkong observatory.