National Geographic : 1899 Aug
282 SHISILLDIN AS A FIELD FOR EXPLORATION pied by it and the associated peaks. This island, some 70 miles long, with an average width of 15 or 20 miles, crowded with extinct volcanoes and separated only by a shallow pass from the Alaskan peninsula, is the first member of the Aleutian archi pelago-that chain of submerged mountains which with its pro longation, the Commander islands, sweeps from continent to continent, describing across the North Pacific ocean an are of more than a thousand miles. Shishaldin is undoubtedly still an active volcano, but how active cannot be accurately known until some explorer stands on its summit. There are recent stories by some n ho claim to have seen flame-colored vapors rising from it, and by others who assert they saw columns of smoke ascending. In 1897 I saw SKETCH MAP OF ALASKA Showing mail route and suggested field for exploration what appeared to be banners of steam issuing from it; but fogs are frequent here and snow carried by the winds about the peaks of mountains of high altitudes play deceitful pranks. There are two very intelligent and well-to-do traders (Charles Rosenberg and Charles Swanson) who live with their families at Morshovia village, near the base of the mountain. While on a trip in their schooner to Dutch Harbor, Unalaska bay, last summer for sup plies they told me that the volcano is now in a state of eruption, and that at night they had seen, high on the slopes, tongues of molten lava creeping slowly down the mountain side and branching around obstacles lying in their course, thus leaving islands between the fiery streams. They asserted also that ashes are ejected from the crater, and that on hunting trips they had ascended far enough to detect the heat and recognize the sul phurous fumes.