National Geographic : 1970 Jan
Booted soldiers and martial mu sic symbolize East Germany's to talitarian regime. Though the Al lies agreed in 1945 to the demili tarization of Berlin, today only West Berlin complies, exempting its men from military service. East Berlin soldier (right) guards an antifascist memorial (page 22). Marching band (below) plays at a swearing-in ceremony of the border guards, who pledge "to serve my fatherland for all time." Communists teach youth that only the East is the German homeland. Yet some 500 members of this hand-picked unit have fled over the Wall to West Berlin since 1961. EKTACHROMESBYHOWARDSOCHUREK() N.G.S .