National Geographic : 1971 Jan
Too many people, too little space SLEEPING SYMBOL of Java's population crisis, ababy (right)nestles in its mother's arms at Jogjakarta's annual Sekaten cere mony, honoring Mohammed's birth. One of an estimated 80,000,000 Javanese, the child may see the island's population double before his 30th birthday. Java already ranks as one of the world's most densely peopled lands; it averages 1,500 persons per square mile, compared to only 57 in the United States. Public-health nurse Mrs. Rosini Karsono (above) explains birth-control techniques to women in Djakarta. The government and the International Planned Parenthood Federation sponsor the program. Such efforts are impeded by a shortage of trained personnel, a strong tradition of early mar riages and large families, and widespread unawareness of the effects of overpopula tion on Indonesia's economy.