National Geographic : 1971 Feb
in calling it. Tullamarine, an aboriginal word, means "child of the district." By any name this new airport is assured the sweet smell of success. Officials estimate that by 1975 it will bring into Melbourne $A140,000,000 worth of business annually. West Gate Bridge, another big local project, suffered a severe setback last October. A span of this long crossing of the Yarra River col lapsed during construction, killing more than 30 workmen. But if I know Melburnians, they will lose no time rebuilding. City Follows Art, Music-and Football London has always mixed its architecture to good effect, and Melbourne does the same. In the inner city many contemporary struc tures co-exist amicably with 19th-century buildings, some in classic Georgian style. Deciduous trees, rather than the somber gray green or bluish eucalyptus so common to Aus tralia, shade the broad streets and avenues. The total effect is markedly European. The Melbourne Stock Exchange built one of the new contemporary buildings, perhaps figuring the modern look suited its reputation as a real swinger among exchanges. Western Australia, in particular, is enjoying a mining boom, and some mining stocks go through mad gyrations on the Melbourne exchange. Everyone wants to strike it rich with a new Poseidon, the stock that sold for 60 to 70 cents a share three years ago, and during my visit soared as high as $275 a share. Poseidon found a huge nickel-ore deposit. But Melbourne's most striking building is the National Gallery of Victoria, a huge rectangle of reinforced concrete faced with bluestone blocks and surrounded by a moat. This description may sound grim, but clean simplicity of line gives the building much appeal, and the moat relieves the austerity. Melburnians enjoy family outings, and the gallery is always crowded on weekends with parents and children. So too, in summer, is the Sidney Myer Music Bowl and the sloping lawns that surround it in the Botanical Gar dens. There, concert audiences of 70,000 are not uncommon. The late Sidney Myer, a Mel bourne businessman, left funds for the great "floating" acoustic canopy. Only football, the consuming passion of so many Australians, draws bigger crowds than the music bowl. More than 100,000 fans often jam the vast amphitheater of Melbourne Cricket Ground when major professional teams clash. They play under Australian 227 Cape Everard Gippsland Basin Victoria Tasmania SMALL IN SIZE, Victoria looms large on Australia's production and population charts. The Utah-size state offers its citizens economic stability in a diverse setting of irrigated orchards, grassy tains, lonely beaches, calm suburbs, and bustling city. On the state badge (left) a crown acknowledges alle giance to British royalty; stars of the South ern Cross also appeared on a flag hoisted during Australia's only revolt-a rebellion of gold miners at Ballarat in 1854. AREA: 87,884 square miles. POPULATION: 3,440,000. CAPITAL: Melbourne (pop. 2,370,000). CLIMATE: temperate. CURRENCY: Australian dollar equals $1.12 U. S.