National Geographic : 1971 Mar
KODACHROME(ABOVE)AND LEKAC" well in the northeastern part of Thailand: "A woman was kicking a dog and scolding it, but her words were really meant for another woman who was slapping her own children and scolding them with the same words. "I suppose that the only ones who didn't know what was going on were the dog, the children, and myself. I hadn't yet caught on to this game of what I have come to call 'projected vilification.'" An oppressive government official will be criticized only in private, by members of a family to one another or to their close friends. Outwardly the villagers remain re spectful. But he must redeem himself in their eyes before they will respect him in fact. And if he doesn't? Officials, too, are subject to the Mosaic of Cultures law of karma-that sooner or later every action brings its retribution, in this existence or in one to come. These patterns of village behavior, drawn from what I have experienced in Thailand, apply not only there-and in Burma, Cam bodia, and Laos-but also in Viet Nam, where Buddhist influence is almost inseparably in tertwined with the teachings of Confucius. The Vietnamese also believe in the law of karma; many think that the misfortune Viet Nam suffers now is retribution for what their ancestors did to Champa. Quite a few Vietnamese are Roman Catho lics-roughly one in every 20 in the north, one in every ten in the south-but they too tend to think in Confucianist ways. The late 321 N.U.S.