National Geographic : 1974 Jan
HMON tribalareas CH before w time displacement C Darker green ows approximate area under Communist c trol as of October 1973. Lightergreen s ws Royal Lao Government eas. Ban, Muong.....to ,village Phu.....mountain INA NORTH Boun *Dien Bien Phu BURMA VIET NAM THAILAND ve capital) Elevations in feet o so STATUTEMILES DRAWNBY ELIESABBAN COMPILEDBY GEORGEW. BEATTY The long march from China WHEN CONFUCIUS pon dered the effects of rebel lion on social order 2,500 years ago, he might have been thinking of the Hmong, a wary tribal people who re fused to submit to Chinese rule. "Meo," from the Chinese name for the Hmong, con notes "barbarian," but their own name means "free men." Originally lowland rice farmers, the Hmong gave ground slowly to the relent less expansion of the Chinese. They migrated southwest ward, becoming mountain dwellers in southern China. Beginning in the mid-19th century, scores of Hmong clans seeped into Indochina. Today about a million Hmong live in North Viet Nam, Laos, and Thailand. Some 2,500,000 remain in the People's Re public of China.