National Geographic : 1974 Jun
Desert's new horizon: Massive pipelines carrying tons of crude oil propel Saudi Arabia out of the camel age. These conduits near Dhahran, on the east coast, deliver oil from the Ghawar field-perhaps the world's largest reservoir-to tankers at Ras Tanura. Conducting a technical symphony, a director (left) signals for a blend of music and narration at a government TV station in Riyadh. Subject: modernization of a small town-new schools, electrification, irrigation. Television programs beamed throughout the country familiarize Saudis with their nation and the development spurred by income from oil. Petroleum returns to the earth: Sacks of fertilizer destined for a U. S. aid project in Afghanistan pile up for shipment. Natural gas, separated from crude oil during the re fining process and often burned as waste, is converted into soil-enriching urea at this petrochemical plant near Ras Tanura.