National Geographic : 1976 Jun
Invitation to a slaughter-his own as it turned out-sprang from Magellan's plans to attack Lapulapu, a chief of Mactan Island in the Philippines. Having baptized the sultan and queen of neighboring Cebu and many of their subjects, Magellan offered to rout the sultan's still-pagan enemy. He launched a sortie across a wide bay, so shallow that playing children can stand up in it (left). Undermanned and beyond covering fire from his ships, Magellan's small force was cut to pieces (below), and he was slain. Lapulapu has become a minted hero (above) for being the first Filipino to repel Europeans.