National Geographic : 1977 Jul
population prays to Allah. The hand-hewn churches remain, I saw, as do the paintings in various degrees of preservation. Here and there, peasants live in the old cave dwellings. They store wheat, apricots, and raisins in some rooms and keep livestock and chickens in others. I have seen a winery carved into living rock, and a hotel. And the ancient fear? I vow that I felt it still, though the invading legions that inspired it vanished long centuries ago. To escape Arab marauders and other invaders, people tunneled deep into the earth, sealing the en trances behind them with huge stones. In their zeal they dug several underground cities, which have survived to this day. You can de tect no sign of them from the surface. I explored the grim labyrinthine ways of one city as deep as possible, and had enough. Down seven stories I descended in chill air, thankful for the sullen lights that guided my steps and pushed back the darkness of Turkey is suited to a wide variety of agriculture. Intensive efforts to improve livestock and crop yields are designed to increase a profitable export trade.