National Geographic : 1977 Jul
IN ANCIENT ATHENS, this time of mid summer marked the beginning of the New Year, counted from the new moon after the summer solstice. That seems not the least bit odd to those of us in the business of producing a monthly journal; at the moment we are working on articles that will appear in January of 1978. Each day an extraordinary number of letters arrive at National Geographic headquarters among them requests for previews of what is coming. "If only I had known that you were go ing to publish that magnificent article on the Celts, I would not have written my term paper on the Etruscans," mourned one lad. Another member asked how we were able to deliver the issue containing our North Sea story a month before the Ekofisk oil well went wild. Had we planned it that way? A crystal ball is not standard equipment for our editorial staff, but we do try to cover topics of current interest. We have, for example, been working many months on an energy story that will reveal startling new advances in the tech nology of conservation. We began work on it long before President Carter was elected. We will be reporting on the continuing search for even greater air safety. A magnificent pre sentation on the life and works of Leonardo da Vinci (attention, term-paper writers) and a look at one of the most extraordinary excavations in history, at the tomb of the first emperor of China, will be arriving at your home this autumn. The ways of the wolf and an account of life among the giraffes of East Africa are among the natural history features scheduled for the remaining months of 1977. We will also be reporting on nations and peo ples in all parts of the world-an increasingly difficult task. At the end of World War II, the United Nations was launched with 51 member countries. Today there are 147, many of them erected on the ruins of colonial empire. And, sadly, in wide areas of the world the idea of free press inquiry into any aspect of national life is regarded with hostility and misgivings. Nonetheless we persevere, and will be bring ing you timely reports in coming months on na tions in turmoil as well as on those enjoying peace and stability. I don't want to give it all away, however, and there will be more than one surprise in the issues ahead. Meanwhile, with a glance at the moon, we will wish the old Athenians and ourselves a happy New Year. /'^-^ ^/ THE NATIONALGEOGRAPHICMAGAZINE,VOL. 152, NO. I COPYRIGHT© 1977 BY NATIONALGEOGRAPHICSOCIETY WASHINGTON,D. C. INTERNATIONALCOPYRIGHTSECURED July 1977 Preserving Our Wild and Scenic Rivers 2 Dams, dredges, cities, andfactories have forever altered many of our once pristine waterways. The nation's effort to save others, still flowing free and unspoiled, is described by Society PresidentRobert E. Doyle and portrayed on a double map supplement. * Montana's Flatheadis explored by Douglas H. Chadwick and Lowell Georgia. 13 * Jack and Anne Rudloe find tranquillity on the Suwannee. Photographsby Jodi Cobb. 20 * David S. Boyer reports on the historic St. Croix where it flows between Wisconsin and Minnesota... 30 * ... and visits the Pacific Northwest, where controversy rides the glacier-fed Skagit. 38 * Nathaniel T. Kenney and Bank Langmore raft the Rio Grande'sspectaculargorges. 46 * John M. Kauffmann and Sam Abell canoe Alaska's lonely and unsullied Noatak. 52 The Rat, Lapdog of the Devil 60 Through the ages a small but implacable enemy has brought man disease, starvation, and terror. Thomas Y. Canby and James L. Stanfield survey today's global war against the resilient rat. Turkey Faces Another Crossroads 88 Beset by political unrest, internationaltensions, and the woes of a changing economy, a nation pointed West by Kemal Atatiirk looks in new directions. By Robert PaulJordan and Gordon W. Gahan. Rituals and Spells Shape Gimi Lives 124 A New Guinea village gives anthropologist Gillian Gillison and her photographer husband, David, vivid insights into primitive concepts of life and death. COVER: Undine Falls in Yellowstone National Park typifies the splendor of our nation's unspoiled waters (pages 2-59). Photograph by Ed Cooper.