National Geographic : 1978 Jan
Tie Cgl Prouna Re Suare josoo By JOHN J. PUTMAN Photographs by GORDON W. GAHAN BOTH NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC STAFF OME GREAT CITIES remind me of old and enduring country houses: The steps are grooved by the passage of gen erations, and rooms are laden each with its special set of memories. Generations come and go, changes and additions are made; the house, or city, endures. In it we are ever mindful of the past, ever mindful that each generation, including our own, yields to another. Such a city is Moscow. I was reminded of this each morning last summer by the view from my hotel room. To the south was a curve of the Moscow River, an artery of trade since the Middle Ages. Be side it rose the red brick walls of the Kremlin - which means "fortress"-designed by Italian architects in the late 15th century. The walls encompass the site of medieval settle ment, enclose churches and palaces built by the tsars, and safeguard the seat of the Soviet government today. Nearby spread the yellow plastered build ings and courtyards of the 19th century. Roofs Winter brings out the gusto in Muscovites as they skate through 275-acre Gorky Park. Their clothes reflect a rising standard of living in the Soviet capital, blueprint for a model Communist city-though some privations imposed by the past still linger.