National Geographic : 1979 Aug
AnArabian state without oil seems an unlikely battlegroundfor internationalinfluence. But the R / Yemen Arab Republic, positioned at the mouth - . R Sea ofthe Red Sea, is strategicallyimportant.If this Black Sea populous nation on the peninsula were to be come hostile to Saudi Arabia, the balance of 40 power in the regionwould shift drastically.As it TURKEY is, North Yemen serves as a buffer state between SaudiArabia and radicalSouth Yemen. ; Historically, clans more than nation-states ANo YA have claimed the allegiance of Yemenis. In re- IRA L cent years ideologicaldifferences caused repeat- SRA JDANIRAN ed skirmishes. In 1979, as in 1972, conflicts JOA D became small wars. Followingeach, the Yemens KUWAIT "; . resolved-at least in principle-tounite. BAHRAIN Paradoxically,the Soviets have had advisers EG PT\ SAUDI f on both sides, but it appearsthat those in North r ARABIA oL Yemen went "on vacation" during the most re- (' \ , ./ NORTH ., cent flare-up. YEMEN o 200 :. "........ r f'" 4 "_.;' spu S" . . SI DAN SOUTH S.. YEMEN Socotra ' SAUDI ARABIA DJBI (SOUTH YEMEN) . . . . . . - . .KM 500 ETOPIA SOMALI A Naran 40 MILES 500 AT30' LATITUDE "" .* 'I . Qizan, 1r = ^' ,oMayd . ,P P' r.A , . DEMOCR TIC REPUBLIC ., 1e o,- WAD - : iOP YEMEN Sea 'y?a : Sea' Sy " *SANR (SOUTH YEMEN), RAS KATMB d.- "Hai a r,t Lj rM Hudaydah" " ' " " ' " (Hodeida) la , - . :- Mukalla ayris , Al Mukha| (Mocha) y baFs 'i 1 SSouth Yemen invaded the Yemen Arab Republic in <, February1979, advancing as far as 25 miles after M", Aden occupying Harib, Al Bayda, and Qatabah. A cease Sfire and withdrawal was mediated by the Arab League. .DI~OI GulfofAden S t " Djibouti -4 NeutralDjibouti lies between Marxist South Yemen and MarxistEthiopia. U.S.military vessels occasionally . use the ports ofDjiboutiand Hodeida but are excluded S'- from Aden, which is open to Soviet warships. /'. 0 K om RS .'t*. < ? HIOPIA ' O STATUTEMES . : . I All A AWNBYISKANDARA . S- r , J COMPfLDDBYDOROTHYA. NICHOLSO. . . . NATIONALGEOGRAPHIC ARTDIVISION ET1 ~I(r"E~ Crl~L 1 . ? "~,~-h" 1! f L * *r Ci r. 94~y. I~i~;P" I' ~ rit ~. -r "?"