National Geographic : 1990 Aug
AUGUST 1990 GEOGRAPHICA NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE Jane Goodall at Gombe: a 30th Anniversary Thirty years after she first set foot in Gombe Stream Game Reserve to begin a field study of chimpan zees, Jane Goodall's enthusiasm for fieldwork continues unabated. "Gombe is where I like to be-best of any place in the world," she says. Since that first field trip in July 1960, much has changed. The reserve is now a Tanzanian national park. Jane Good all-invariably described in early re ports as "the lithe, blonde English girl" inspired by Louis Leakey to live with wild chimpanzees-has become Dr. Goodall, eminent scientist, founder of the Gombe Stream Research Centre, and advocate of chimp welfare. Large ly through her efforts the public has be come aware of the destruction of chimp habitat and their often inhumane treat ment in zoos and research laboratories. Supported almost from the outset by the National Geographic Society, Goodall says she would rather just be "sitting in the forest with the chimps," but would feel guilty doing so given the problems they face. Heading the list is the destruction of chimpanzee habitat, "the same sad story as the destruction of forests ev erywhere." The Committee for Con servation and Care of Chimpanzees, which she and scientific colleagues founded, is pinpointing locations where chimps need help to survive. And Goodall is working with African nations to establish sanctuaries and create agro-forestry programs that would enable Africans to earn a living without destroying chimp territory. The Jane Goodall Institutes in the United States, Great Britain, and Can ada are focusing on education, "to in crease public awareness of chimps and why they matter," Goodall explains. "Because chimps are so like us, they are a bridge between man and animal." She becomes most animated when talking about fieldwork. The researcher who first documented tool manufacture and use by chimpanzees is still thrilled by new discoveries at Gombe-a chimp birth filmed for the first time, the surprise adoption by an adolescent male of an unrelated orphan, or insights in her specialty: family relationships. "They are end lessly fascinating," she says. MICHAELNICHOLS, MAGNUM Helping Youngsters Understand Geography he ideas are simple: Create a map for children to find treasures in the backyard. Treat your children to ethnic snacks at a folk festival. Help children understand why their home has an eating area and a sleeping area. The point of these exercises is ex plained by the booklet "Helping Your Child Learn Geography." Prepared by the Office of Educational Research and Improvement of the U. S. Depart ment of Education, it is designed to help parents interest children under the age often in geography and to teach basics: location, what makes a place special, patterns of movement, rela tionships among people and places, how and why regions are formed. "We care about kids learning geog raphy," says Sharon Kinney Horn, the office's director of information ser vices. "Many parents care too, but often they don't have information in a form they can use." The booklet can be purchased for 50 cents by writing to Geography, Consumer Information Center, Pueblo, CO 81009.