National Geographic : 1995 May
JAPAN'S EMPIRE SHRINKS Guadalcanal, Tarawa, Guam, Iwo Jima, Oki nawa: With dreadful resolve, Allied forces pushed back Japanese troops in bloody island by-island combat. On Iwo Jima the monthlong mop-up required blast ing Japanese defend ers from caves (below). For future studies the Army Historical Branch charted the Allies' progress in the Pacific with looping isolines on the Society's Septem ber 1943 map, "Pacific Ocean and the Bay of Bengal." Briefed by Adm. Wil liam Leahy, Truman monitored the war from the Map Room, a con verted cloakroom (above). Pacific theater maps hang on the east wall, European theater maps on the west.