National Geographic : 1995 May
HITLER'S LAST PUSH Christmas 1944 found FDR grimly surveying Belgium's Ardennes region on "Germany and Its Approaches" (left). Overlays showed Hitler's final offensive, the Battle of the Bulge. Especially worrisome, the Fifth Panzer Army (Fifth PZ on the map) had pushed past Allied lines at night under "artificial moonlight" created by search lights bouncing off low clouds. By January, when U. S. troops were photographed in an Ardennes chow line, Germany's last major push had sputtered. Preparing for the war's end, planners at Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Forces (SHAEF) used "Germany and Its Approaches" to plot Operation Jubilant (above), a never used plan for paratroopers to rescue prisoners of war. The British also relied on Society maps. The War Office re printed 50,000 copies of "Germany and Its Approaches."