National Geographic : 1995 Nov
Banned during decades of repressionunder GeneralissimoFranciscoFranco, the Basque flag is paradedlegally in memory of a member of the separatistgroup ETA. An ETA campaignof terrorismhas diminished since limited autonomy was granted in 1980. Mirada deE ro ro Basque Homeland One nation in two countries, Euskal Herria, as three million Basques call their region, is recog nized within Spain as the provinces of Navarra, Vizcaya, Guipdzcoa, and Alava. The last three share a parliament, courts, and police. Basques also predominate in three French provinces.