National Geographic : 1996 Apr
4.c ~~, ~~ A Trout Family Portrait Renowned for its wariness, the trout has been defined as "a fish known mainly by hearsay." Of the 30-odd species in the trout family, the most storied include (clockwise from top) the cutthroat, rainbow,brook, golden, and brown. Though no single stream harborsallfive, this paint ing reflects actual habitatpreferences and feeding habits. Rainbows and cutthroats,for instance, prefer life in water'sfast lane, whereas browns favor pools shaded by vegetation. Brook trout often nose the bottom for prey, while goldens go wherever there's food. Cutthroat Trout (Oncorhynchus clarki) Encountered by explorers Lewis and Clark, the cutthroatprovided food for westbound trappers, miners, and railroaders. Ranching, mining, and logging have erased much of its originalhabitat, reducing it to a fraction of its former range. ~ ~"' 'I"-"-r=~ ~T~--~-~ rh s~ -P A~~ *4r % a, - : : "" , F r : : .o ~Zc~~ ~ ... 'S =z^-- ~=S~ rCS~V- __ r,w Nimil"