National Geographic : 1996 Jul
A pride of parks Pioneers in wildlife conservation, South Africans have forged a network of public parks and reserves unrivaled outside North America. Models of con servation management for the country's northern neighbors, they now occupy nearly 6 percent of South Africa's land. Private reserves and game farms, whose numbers have exploded in the past 15 years, occupy a near-equal area and provide a valuable, if luxury-oriented, buttress to the park system. Management of protected areas IUCN-The World Conservation Union classifies publicly owned protected areas by conservation goal and strategy. The map highlights parks that fall within the three categories predominant in southern Africa. Official park names do not always accurately reflect the management category. *- National parks Managed for public education and recreation, each of these parks preserves one or more ecosystems. *- Habitat/species management areas These reserves protect species and their habitats and facilitate scientific research and environmental monitoring. Public education is secondary. *- Protected landscapes/seascapes Aesthetically pleasing land and water settings, they are managed mainly for human enjoyment.