National Geographic : 1998 Mar
NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC Sogde Reindeer People Harnessed to asled built for speed, reindeer whisk a Nenets herder across the frozen taiga of northern Siberia. Although most on the Move reindeer-both male and female-grow antlers, they shed them * Much of everyday life among throughout the winter and spring. Under the scrutiny of adults, a the Nenets remains traditional- Nenets child (below) learns such basic skills as woodchopping. especially for some 10,000 of the herders who still migrate with their reindeer and use them for food, clothing, shelter, and many other necessities of life. How many uses of reindeer can you find in the two photographs on pages 128-9? * Even among the traditional Nenets, modern life is closing in. What things can you find in each photograph in the story that reveal how the Nenets are adopting Western culture? * To get an idea how far north the Nenets live, check the lati tude of the Yamal Peninsula on the map on page 125. Then, in an atlas or on a world map, find places in North America at the same latitude. Do any major cit ies in North America lie that far north? How far north of your hometown do the Nenets live? * If you try petting a cat or dog, notice the fur. In most breeds it consists of fine, thin hairs. If you were to pet a reindeer, you would discover that its fur is coarse and bulky-because the outer hairs contain many air-filled cells. These hairs trap body heat and help insulate the reindeer from frigid Arctic air. Reindeer hides made into clothing keep the Nenets people warm by insulat ing them in the same way. USE GEOGUIDE ALONG WITH THE ARTICLE ON THE NENETS IN THIS ISSUE TO CAPTURE THE INTEREST OF YOUNG READERS AND STIMULATE DISCUSSION WITH THEM. YOU CAN VISIT GEOGUIDE ONLINE AT WWW.NATIONALGEOGRAPHIC.COM/RESOURCES/NGO/EDUCATION/GEOGUIDE.