National Geographic : 1998 Dec
NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC Exploring the competition among countries South China Sea bordering the South China Sea. Are there ways these countries * Low, flat, and tiny, the Spratly could share resources peaceably? Islands (pages 8-9) are very dif- U The boat on pages 4-5 has ferent from many other islands outriggers that stabilize what in the South China Sea, such as the mountainous, volcanic islands of Indonesia and the Philippines. What accounts for the differences? (Think of the ways islands form.) * Togetanideaofthesizeof the South China Sea, examine the map on pages 10-11. About how far is Haikou, on the Chinese island of Hainan, from Kuching, in Malaysia, on the island of Borneo? (The map scale varies with distance from the Equator, so you'll have to note latitudes. Each degree of latitude equals about 69 miles.) * The author mentions riches fish, oil, gas-that inspire intense would otherwise be a tippy craft. To see how outriggers work, cut a long corner from a plastic milk jug to get a canoe-like shape. See how the piece floats. Then, using wire, attach two pencil outrig gers to your model and float it again. Compare its stability. * Piracy runs rampant in the South China Sea. Why? * Filipino fishermen once made large catches using poison and explosives, but now in some areas they use only hooks, lines, nets, and spears. Why have they changed their methods? Harvesting sea urchins with a spear and homemade goggles and pulling up coral by hand put money in a Filipino diver's pocket (above). On a nearby beach fresh puffer fish (left) in flate for defense, but that won't save them from the fish market. USE GEOGUIDE ALONG WITH THE ARTICLE ON THE SOUTH CHINA SEA IN THIS ISSUE TO CAPTURE THE INTEREST OF YOUNG READERS AND STIMULATE DISCUSSION. YOU CAN VISIT GEOGUIDE ONLINE AT WWWNATIONALGEOGRAPHIC.COM/RESOURCES/EDUCATION/GEOGUDE.