National Geographic : 1980 Jan
UNTIL RECENTLY, the very idea of seeing an atom in motion seemed the wildest of fantasies. But this spring you will see one, that tiniest bit of an ele ment, filmed by scientists at the University of Chicago. It is a part of an hour of wonders called "The Invisible World"-third in the new season of National Geographic Specials to be shown over television stations of the Public Broadcasting Service. We are pleased to offer once again four American-made programs of quality, taste, and family interest, coproduced with Pitts burgh's PBS station WQED. And, for the fifth year, Gulf Oil Corporation support has made this series possible. Our season opens on January 7 with "Dive to the Edge of Creation," an experi ence you will long remember. Geologist Robert D. Ballard and biologist J. Frederick Grassle of Woods Hole Oceanographic In stitution take us to the floor of the Pacific Ocean where, a mile and a half down, two of earth's crustal plates are separating. In this rift zone, molten lava wells up and hot springs nourish strange life forms. On February 4, "Mysteries of the Mind" examines the awesome capabilities of the human brain. It features a special Plexiglas model of a section of the brain in action. A yogi in India consciously lowers his blood pressure, a paralyzed woman in New York raises hers, posing unanswered questions about the mind's control of matter. In addition to the electron-microscope pictures of the atom, "The Invisible World" on March 3 features extraordinary slow motion, infrared, ultraviolet, and X-ray photography used to fathom such mysteries as honeybee navigation, the basic structure of matter, even the health problems that af flicted ancient Egyptians. The season concludes on April 7 with "The Superliners: Twilight of an Era," a fond memoir of the life and times of great Atlantic ocean liners such as Mauretania and Lusitania, Queen Mary, Normandie, UnitedStates, and Queen Elizabeth 2. Only the last is still in service; with the passing of the rest, an era of elegance also vanished. We hope your family will enjoy and learn from these programs. Other specials like them have proved that television can be both informative and popular. /*/^-/ A NAT NAIL THE NATIONALGEOGRAPHICMAGAZINEVOL. 157, NO. 1 COPYRIGHT© 1979 BY NATIONALGEOGRAPHICSOCIETY WASHINGTON,D. C. INTERNATIONALCOPYRIGHTSECURED January 1980 What Voyager Saw: Jupiter's Dazzling Realm 2 Succeeding beyond scientists'dreams, two spacecraftdiscovera ringaroundthe largest planet and active volcanoes on its moon lo. By Rick Gore,with photographsby NASA. Long-eared Owls Masters of the Night 31 PhotographerArtWolfe takesa look into the homelife ofa winged, deadlypredator. Can the Tallgrass Prairie Be Saved? 37 Lushgrasslandsonce mantled much of the centralUnited States; now controversy snarls efforts to preserve afew remnants.By Dennis FarneyandphotographerJim Brandenburg. Hokkaido: Japan's Last Frontier 62 On this northernmostandleast populated Japaneseisland,DouglasLee andphotographer MichaelS. Yamashitafind wildlife and wild country-anda hardy peoplewith pioneerspirit. Utah's Art Galleries in Stone 97 Formerpark rangerGary Smith recordscanyon figures and scenes left by apeople lost in time. Fair of the Berber Brides I19 InMorocco'sAtlas Mountains,CarlaHunt and Nik Wheeler visita festival thatbrings couplestogetherfor instantmarriage. Life Around a Lily Pad 131 From diatoms to snappingturtles, thousandsof creaturessharea mini-world thatsubsists on and abouta singlefloatingleaf.Photographsby BiancaLavies, with text by CharlesR. Miller. COVER: The solarsystem's only known active volcanoes beyond earthfling materialhigh above the sulfurouscrust ofJupiter'smoon lo. High-contrastimage by Voyager 1,NASA.