National Geographic : 1981 Sep
KjN Iran and Iraq ayah SAUDI . _ -R/ ARABIA b S- LEKHWAIR BOUND Um BOIL FIELDS ay : umm, ARyu7FI3 asZumul < SIL HAS REVIVED Oman's ambitions as HOLE o IELD U a nation. Two centuries ago its colonies 8 stretched from Baluchistan to Zanzibar, its r: rn ' slave traders scoured East Africa, and its ships SMt : dominated the western Indian Ocean, prompting / Britain to establish a j/ foothold in Oman by treaty in 1798. Now petrodollars are helping diversify the / economy and modernize the armed a Hayma forces as the sultanate stands s - 's sentinel over the West's - ..i *^**..... oil lifeline. y ' .- RU F.. ,L -- Though enormously profitableto the economy, the 330,000 bar a day producedby Omani oil fie amount to only 3 percent of Saudi rabia's DEMOCRATIC YEMEN SJabl.............hill, mountain Ras ....... cape, rockymound 0 KILOMETERS 100 0 MILES 100 D'OR~WNBYRSNEJINKA STEFANOFFI COMPILEDBY DAVIDB.TMILLER NATIONALGEOGRAPHIC ARTDIVISION ii I. / .. '' Y".."* ! ' % ^ * .. :, .1 .."ig ;harbatat Kuria Muria Islands by^^, yo 9 ' / '?/%x o .o GOVERNMENT: Sultanate. AREA: 212,457 sq km (82,000 sq mi). POPULATION: 890,000. RELIGION: Ibadhi and Sunni Islam. LANGUAGE: Arabic. ECONOMY: Industries: petroleum, animal husbandry. Export crops: dates, limes. CITIES: Muscat (capital area), 60,000; Salalah, 35,000. CLIMATE: Hot, humid northern coasts; hot, dry interior; monsoons in the south. Gulf of Oman jhar Seeb Al Khabu International Khaburah Airport sb Matrah uscat urayyat Ras al Hadd 1 awwah M asira Island The United States gained permission in 1980 to prepare )uqm the air facilityon this 40-mile-long island for possible use by U. S.forces. Abandoned by the British RoyalAir Force in 1977, the islandis now a training base for Omani pilots.