National Geographic : 1981 Oct
Medter ane a Sea Cairo u Suez Canal \ Moves and oountermoves on a board of blue SMALDIVESB SEYCHELLES This archipelago Marxist rhetoric of nation, whose average its president has not island is less than a scared sun worshipers square mile, has away from one of the resisted being drawn most beautiful and still into any big-power orbit. friendly vacation GOVERNMENT: Republic. retreats in the world. AREA: 115 sq mi. GOVERNMENT: Socialist POPULATION: 136,000. republic. AREA: 171 sq mi; RELIGION: Sunni Muslim. 92 islands. ECONOMY: Fishing, tourism. POPULATION: 65,000. RELIGION: Roman MAURITIUS Catholic. ECONOMY: Tourism, fishing. Most Indian of the islands in the western I MADAGASCAR Indian Ocean, the country depends Despite aid and training on its sugar crop. from both Eastern- and Western-bloc nations, GOVERNMENT: Parliamentary island economy is faltering Parliamentary democracy. AREA: 790 sq badly. The port of mi. POPULATION: Antsiranana (Diego Suarez 957,000. RELIGION: is the best natural harbor Hindu, Christian, in the region, attracting the Muslim. ECONOMY: interest of the Soviet Union Sugar, tea, knitwear, light manufacturing, tourism. GOVERNMENT: Marxist republic. AREA: 226,658 sq mi DIEGO GARCIn POPULATION: 9,375,000. SRELIGION: Animist, Christia 722E PrtoftheCh s Muslim. ECONOMY: Coffee, Part of the Chagos cloves, vanilla, rice, Archipelago, this small perfume essences, British island is used by subsistence farming. the U. S. as its major ELD military facility in the COMOROS ocean. Extensive work is being done to increase Though the group has been its capacity to support both independent since 1975, air and naval operations. Mayotte island remains GOVERNMENT: British under French control. possession. AREA: 10.5 sq mi. Islanders are poor and, for POPULATION: None the most part, illiterate. permanent. GOVERNMENT: Republic. ECONOMY: None. AREA: 719 sq mi. POPULATION: 369,000. RELIGION: Muslim. ECONOMY: Vanilla, perfume essences. 424 EGYP Be port Suda SUDA i. n, SAUDI ARABIA Riyadh Jiddah P*Mecca yEME .. . Add' Abat Berbera j REUNION Zani An overseas department' of France and French TA NZNI military headquarters for the region, the volcanic island is subsidized by the mother country. MOZAMBi GOVERNMENT: Integral aa part of the French Republic. Na AREA: 969 sq mi. POPULATION: 510,000. RELIGION: Roman Catholic, ECONOMY: Sugar, perfume essences.