National Geographic : 1982 Nov
700.. 900@1100 14^0 180 0 190** Florescence of Anasazi pottery coincidedwith the high-water mark of their civilization. E populations incenters like Chaco Canyon and Mesa Verde supportpottery specialists. Ev growing trade created aeed for group identifiicaion. Thus the ground was la for regional variations of t Anasazi basic black-on -white Abandoning their homes in the late 1200s, Anasazi groups relocated among other indigenouspeoples. Although they continued for a time to make black-on white pottery, soon new designs emerged, the result of culturalintermingling. Among the Hopis the polychrome tradition continued uninterrupted. Spanish colonists arrived in 1598, six decades after Coronado'sfruitless search near Zuni for the golden cities of Cibola. Their influence could soon be seen in new arabesque designs and the productionof cups, soup plates, and high-neckedjars. SANTA CLARA BLACKJAR MESA VERDE BLACK-ON -WHITE BOWL Scalloped rim ofSanta Clara blackware reflects Spanish influence. Black is carbon charged into claywh it is fired in oxygen-poor air, created by smothering flames with powdered dung. Elements of nature - stars, lightning from sacred bears decorate a ceremonialjar. CHACO BLACK-ON- TE MUG Checkerboard design over a cloud symbol adorns the neck of a pot from San Ildefonso. I NNNNNNN SAN ILDEFONSO BLACK-ON -WHITE JAR SAN ILDEFONSO POLYCHROME JAR RIO GRANDE GLAZE "C" BOWL TULAROSA BLACK-ON *E JAR LINO BLACK-ON-GRAY BOWL First Anasazi painted ware followed two broadstyles. Dot-filled design (above) presaged precise hatching on Anasazi black-on-white. Use of color in less formal patterns (below) foreshadowed later polychrome tradition. Glaze decoration, a major departure from black-on-white, appearson the Rio Grande andKwakina bowls. KAYENTA BLACK-ON -WHITE BOWL Famous for thin white clay, Acon moved from gec figures to nature in the historicpe ills and pottery etric tic motifs Od. HAWIKUH GLAZ-ON-RED BOWL ACOMITA POLYCHROME JAR MCCARTYS POLYCHROME JAR ASHIWI POLYCHROME BOWL KWAKINA POLYCHROME BOWL Plate depicts a speared and emasculatedfigure with centipede. Masked kachina figure on the canteen wears a feather costume. Pueblo potters used glazes for decoration,not waterproofing. BIDAHOCHI POLYCHROME PLATE ZUNI POLYCHROMEJAR ABAJO RED-ON-ORANGE BOWL Collectors' items even in the aboriginalworld, Sikyatki polychromes and Jeddito black-on-yellow were traded widely. Early potters worked with an abandon of sweeping curves and brilliant colors. Frequentbird motifs reflected the between man's world andthe realm of the spirits. DOGOSZHI BLACK-ON-WHITE JAR SIKYATKI POLYCHROME JAR JEDDITO BLACK-ON-YELLOWJAR SIKYATKI POLYCHROME CANTEEN SIKYATKI POLYCHROME PARROT EFFIGY VESSEL POLACCA POLYCHROME JAR AD135 16. 190 TACOMA POLYCHROMEJAR Heartline deer, a symbol in sub arctic taiga art, may have come to the Zunis via Navajos arriving from the north.