National Geographic : 1983 Jan
^iw. VlJI c j(I) C, . v 4 (J^ CAMEROON Extensive disruption of large forest areas - especially inthe southwest - by timber companies and slash-and-burn farmers. CONGO Forests in remote northern and central regions still undisturbed. Some logging in south. IVORY COAST More than 70 percent of primary forest at turn of century now cleared. Rest may be gone within a decade. Timber harvesting intense. Forest farming increasing rapidly. LIBERIA Very little primary rain forest left due to shifting cultivation. CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC Rain forests in south. Little pressure from small population. VEGETATIONFROMDR. A. W. KUCHLER,UNIVERSITY OFKANSAS.NOTESBASEDONDATAFROMDR. N. MYERS ANDU.N. FOODANDAGRICULTUREORGANIZATION. MILLEROBLIQUECYLINDRICALPROJECTION DRAWNBY ISKANDARBADAY COMPILEDBYGRAHAMJ. TRUSCOTT NATIONALGEOGRAPHICCARTOGRAPHIC DIVISION NIGERIA Most forest disrupted by dense population and a century of logging. Small areas remaining in south expected to be exploited soon. SIERRA LEONE Very few forested areas undisturbed by cultivators. EQUATORIAL GUINEA Almost totally forested. Little loss expected. GHANA Little or no virgin forest remains. About half removed during last 25 years by forest farmers. Remnants found in the southwest. GUINEA Small area still covered with rain forest in the southwest. BENIN About three-fourths of original forests left, but heavily disrupted due to strong pressure of growing population. ANGOLA (Cabinda) Small rain forest concentrated in north. MADAGASCAR Much slash-and burn farming. Only fragment of eastern rain forest still survives. South Asia INDIA Patches of forest along the western Ghats and on Andaman Islands, disrupted by landless poor, forest farmers, and logging. BANGLADESH Narrow belt of rain forest in Chittagong region heavily exploited by hill tribes. SRI LANKA Small tract on southwestern and central parts, largely disrupted by logging and slash-and-burn farmers. Southeast Asia CHINA Rain forests along southern coast largely disturbed, though a few areas are protected. INDONESIA Contains largest rain forest in Asia (nearly one-tenth world total), but much harvested already. Log production multiplied sixfold during 1960s and 1970s. Farmers and transmigrant settlers also eliminating large forest areas. MALAYSIA About two-thirds of lowland forests on peninsula heavily logged, converted to oil palm, rubber plantations. Large forests on Borneo also being harvested. PAPUA NEW GUINEA Largely covered by undisturbed rain forest, much inaccessible to logging companies. Full-forest harvesting under way in small areas on north coast. Half of population forest farmers. PHILIPPINES Large timber companies harvesting remaining rain forests, less than a third of what existed 30 years ago. Clearing by rural poor also severe. BRUNEI Mostly covered by rain forest, much undisturbed. Revenues from oil taxes take pressure off timber cutting as source of foreign exchange. Only pockets of forest survive in Indochina, mainly in southernmost THAILAND, lower BURMA, southern KAMPUCHEA, and parts of the Mekong Plain in VIETNAM. Australia Fragments of primary forest remain along east coast of Queensland. Other lowland forests heavily cut for timber, sugar plantations, mining interests, and dairy farms. Pacific Islands Rain forests found on southeastern side of FIJI. Major areas allocated to timber companies. About three fourths of SOLOMON ISLANDS also forested, most in terrain too steep to harvest.