National Geographic : 1983 Apr
potentates-from Cairo, Damascus, Istan bul-ruled on until 1917, when a British army, under Gen. Sir Edmund Allenby, en tered the Old City. Allenby, in a memorable moment in Jerusalem history, chose to walk humbly through old Jaffa Gate as a sign of respect for the sanctity of the place. The British Mandate came to a confused and bloody end after decades of Arab revolt and Arab and Jewish guerrilla war that erupted into open combat in 1948. The Brit ish flag was no sooner pulled down from the staff before Government House and the last lorry had barely rolled away from the barbed-wire compounds that set off large sections of the city when Jewish and Arab forces opened fire. Jerusalem was the prize. Jerusalem, the holy, the sanctified, de manding again the blood sacrifice. Lt. Abdullah Salam, leading an armored column of the Arab Legion down the height of Sheikh Jarrah, stopped his sand-colored command car and threw himself down to kiss the ground when he first saw the city sacred to Islam. (He was dead before he reached it.) The Arab Legion held on to the Old City. A United Nations cease-fire left it divided, with a wide no-man's-land running under the walls, and thus it remained for 19 years.