National Geographic : 1983 Oct
Churches' Martin Luther committees. And he is professor of theology at Karl Marx Uni versity, the famous 1409 Leipzig University renamed. "Earlier research concentrated on the young Luther. The older Luther interests us more," continued Professor Junghans, whose two volumes on Luther's last 20 years are among the 100 publications the German Democratic Republic is issuing on Luther subjects and sites this year. More and more Luther's Reformation be came involved with the political maneuver ing of the German princes. During the 1530 Diet of Augsburg, he fretted and fumed and fired off missiles of rebuke and counsel from Coburg, his protector's southernmost castle 130 miles away, as near as the outlawed Luther could come. His mild and moderate lieutenant, Phil ipp Melanchthon, drafted the Augsburg Confession, a move toward reconciling Luther's and Rome's views. After Charles rejected that, with Luther's archfoe Eck helping write the refutation, Luther gave up hope in the emperor. The Protestant princes leagued in defense, and Luther finally con ceded it fitting "to be ready to meet force."