National Geographic : 1984 Jul
S.. 0 300km i Bay of BURM Like a vast three-sidedpyramid,Mount Everest soars above neighboring peaks of the Himalayanrange that divides Nepalfrom Tibet. To present three faces of the mountain,National Geographic cartographersasked engineers atthe ChicagoAerial Survey to take a detailed contourmap of the region and "tilt"it by means of a computer at an angle toward the viewer. The resultis a simulated aerialperspective never before achieved. In this view toward the northwest, the route of the American climbers up Everest's East Face appearsin red. Other routes appearin gold or green, the latterincluding the historicfirst conquest by Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay in 1953. Since the first reconnaissanceby a British team in 1921 Everest has claimed the lives of 62 climbers, accordingto one historian.Sixty-eight groups representing21 nations have challenged the peak, one a successful American expedition principally sponsoredby the NationalGeographic Society in 1963. A total of 149 climbers, Four of them women, have stood on the summit at 29,028feet.