National Geographic : 1984 Jul
immediate and complete emancipation, Garrison was willing to cast away the church, the Constitution, and the Union. He paid for his convictions in a way that defined his enemies and helped the cause. In 1835 Garrison was confronted by a proslavery mob shouting, "Kill him! Lynch him! Hang the abolitionist!" Seized and tied up, he was finally rescued by delegates of the mayor. In 1838 a slave about 20 years old named Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey escaped from his owner in Maryland and was forwarded to the noted black con ductor Nathan Johnson in New Bedford. Johnson suggested that the fugitive slave change his name to Frederick Douglass. In later life Douglass, a proponent of modera tion, would oppose Garrison's extremist tactics. New Bedford, an important port, wel comed many runaways, and the sea had its own story of the Underground Railroad; many agents and conductors were sea cap tains. My favorite underground sea story concerns a Massachusetts shipwright named Jonathan Walker, who went to Florida to salvage a wreck. One torrid day in 1844 seven slaves left Pensacola with Walker in his open boat, bound for a Bahamian island. As their craft approached Cape Florida, it was overtaken by another vessel. The fugi tives were delivered to their owners, and Walker, sent back to Pensacola in chains, was placed in a pillory and pelted with rot ten eggs. By order of a federal court Walker's right hand was branded with the letters S S for "Slave Stealer." Eventually his fines were paid by abolitionist friends and he returned to New England, where he attracted large audiences on the antislavery lecture circuit as "the man with the branded hand." From slavery to freedom, Mary Duckworth's family records trace her from birthin Taylorsville, Mississippi, in 1861 throughdecades of Jim Crow segregation.Devoted to religion and family, she raised 12 children and counted more than 300 descendants, includinggreat-great-grandsonMichael DavidThompson, who helped care for her until she died in Chicagolast year.