National Geographic : 1985 Jan
5so HOTEL ROOMS The number of hotel rooms in 0 resort areas is indicated by bar f Atlantic graphs.Montego Bay, with more M FLORID Ocean than 3,000 rooms, is by far the Miami most developed. BAHAMAS ,l BAUXITE PLANT Havan Although bauxite isstill the CUB ort Mara island's chief export, production fe has decreased nearly 40 percent ICO since 1980. 2oN nnotto BaCaribbean A ICA" HAITI se"ImAICA sPort Antonio sq mi). POPULATION: Kingston, pop. 578,000. ] Yallaa Morant RELIGION: Protestant, Roman Catholic, Bay Point Rastafarian. LANGUAGE: English, Creole. LITERACY: 86%. LIFE EXPECTANCY: 71 years. ECONOMY: Industries: bauxite/ alumina, tourism, manufactured goods. TExport crops: sugar, bananas, coffee, Deciduous forests cover nearly The island's 40,000 acres of marijuana (unofficial). PER CAPITA half the island. Grasslandsare wetlands have potential as rice INCOME: $1,300. used mostly as pasturefor beef and fish farms. Vast reservoirsof and dairy cattle, including new submerged peat also await tropicalizedbreeds. exploitation. .. OME BACK TO JAMAICA," the E5 slogan urges tourists, whose visits Sto the island of lush mountains, rushingrivers, and golden beaches declined after the politicalviolence of the 1976 and 1980 election campaigns. Now they are coming back, 780,000 in 1983, an estimated 850,000 in 1984, leaving behind more than 400 million dollarsat such resortareas as Ocho Rios (left), Montego Bay, and Negril. In the process, income from tourism has become the country's second leading source of foreigncurrency. But in a country beleaguered by massiveforeign debt and dwindling demandfor bauxite, its chief export, the government seeks to diversify its products. In additionto bolsteringsuch traditionalexports as bananas, coffee, and cocoa, an ambitious program calledAgro 21 is stimulating the productionof new commodities: winter vegetables, flowers, honey, shrimp, and freshwaterfish.