National Geographic : 1985 Apr
SANCTUARY afloat (above), the U. S. Navy's submarine base at Holy Loch, Scotland, serves as home port for NR-1 on missions in the eastern Atlantic. The base, consisting of a submarine tender and a huge floating dry dock, also services the Navy's missile and fast attack submarines between routine sea patrols. I joined NR-1 at Holy Loch, where she was towed from port (facingpage) by her support ship, U.S.S. Sunbird. Designed as a research tool rather than a warship, NR-1 has a top speed of only four knots, making it necessary to tow her to distant research sites. Orange paint on the super structure gives the vessel greater visibility at sea. Once clear of land (below), we head toward Iceland under the command of NR-l's captain, Comdr. Edmund Giambastiani, left. Crewmen Jon Kling and Chip Hurn share the watch atop the ship's sail. Officers and crew of NR-1 all must have served in the Navy's regular nuclear submarine fleet before assignment to the research sub.