National Geographic : 1985 Jul
from there, hidden in the trees, look out on the river as a Paspahegh Indian may have looked out to see a shallop under sail with fair-skinned men aboard. EVENTUALLY JAMESTOWN fell into ruin, after the capital shifted to nearby Williamsburg. This leaves Hampton as the oldest continuous English-speaking community in America. It began in 1610 when a small group of the Jamestown set tlers moved southeast to the shore of Hamp ton Roads. Special events throughout this year are commemorating the city's 375th birthday. For all of its association with the water, Hampton is best known as the place where the groundwork was laid for this nation's first venture into space. Here, at the Nation al Aeronautics and Space Administration Langley Research Center, the seven Project Mercury astronauts trained. Before that, Hampton was chosen as the site for the first research laboratory of the former National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, from which NASA evolved in 1958. Had not Lyndon B. Johnson become President, NASA's Mission Control might have been in Hampton rather than Texas. "This area supplied the nucleus for the John son Space Center in Houston," said Maurice Parker, a NASA spokesman in Hampton.