National Geographic : 1988 Jan
OFTENAT ODDS with the government,some of Poland's brightestminds strive to increase intellectualfreedom. Elected chancellorof Krakdw's JagiellonianUniversity during Solidarity'sdays of official acceptance, historianJdzef Andrzej Gierowski (facing page)fought for the school's independencefrom government strictures until his term ended in September 1987. Medieval scholarBronislaw Geremek (above) paidfor his role as advisor to Solidaritywith time in prison.In the past novelist Tadeusz Konwicki (left) has found it difficult to get his books publishedin his native country. He and other writers have attracteda growing read ership in the West.