National Geographic : 1988 Jan
THE HOPE THAT NEVER DIES By TAD SZULC Photographs by JAMES L. STANFIELD NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC PHOTOGRAPHER A symbolic call to national vigilance sounds from afire man's trumpet in St. Mary's Churchin Krakdw, Poland's old royal capital.From the same tower seven centuries ago, accordingto legend, anothertrumpeterraised the alarmas Mongol hordes stormed the city, his clarion cut short by an arrow in the neck. Echoing that event, a watchman now re-createsthe call every hour,day and night, always haltingin mid-note. Today, six years after the fall of the free trade union Soli darity, the nation seeks to res cue its virtually paralyzed economy while allowing greaterpoliticalpluralism. Unlike the recentpast, Poland'sreforms are no longer at odds with its powerful neighbor: Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachevis now Poland'sprincipalally in economic change. American journalistTad Szulc returned to his native Polandto assess the politicalclimate. Author of severalstudies of politics and internationalaffairs, Szulc won an Overseas Press Club awardfor his 1986 biography of Cuba's FidelCastro.