National Geographic : 1988 Aug
With a way of life as endan gered as the lemurs that have long been part of theirdiet, a handful of the Mikea people still practicehunting andgath eringin the western dry forest. Here, where sources of water arecrucial,Mikea gratebabo roots they have collectedfor their moisture (below) in a camp with a baobab-barkshel ter. The forest is under pressure from immigrantswho fled a 1985-86 droughtin the south, where workers traverse a parchedsisalplantation (right). Extremes of climate exacerbate man's already devastatingimpacton the land. Four-fifths of Madagascarnow lies barren,clearedby firefor cattle and subsistence crops.