National Geographic : 1960 Jan
4w SI\ Birth of a transistor crystal (far left) takes place at Radio Corpora tion of America's David Sarnoff Re search Center. Princeton. Techni cians grow a large crystal of gallium arsenide by submerging a tiny "seed" crystal in a melt of the same material heated to 1.250° C. Platinum fila ments rising from the liquid prevent clouding by condensation. Assembling a transistor, metal fin gers attach the crystal to hair-fine filaments. Completed, the tiny tran sistor can replace a vacuum tube. Huge Tank Farms Pump Power to Oil-hungry Cities Petroleum tanks and refineries in New Jersey's northeastern corner provide a vast gasoline station for New York. Newark. Jersey City, Elizabeth, and dozens of other cities. Millions of gallons of crude oil. fuel oil, and gasoline from fields all over the world daily pour into the reserve, whose flood of energy turns the wheels of ocean liners, cargo ships, trailer trucks, diesel lo comotives, and airplanes that serve the Nation's largest city. This aerial view shows a tanker unloading on the Rari tan River at Hess Reserve Terminal, Perth Amboy. Dis tant Outerbridge Crossing jumps the Arthur Kill. a nar row channel separating Staten Island from New Jersey.