National Geographic : 1960 Jun
First Ladies of the White House from Jackson to Polk stand demurely in a reception room as it might have looked in the 1830's. Varying coiffures give individuality, but the faces copy a sculptured bust of Shakespeare's Cordelia. Emily Donelson (right foreground) wears her inaugural gown and the voluminous puffs of hair fashionable when she served as hostess for her uncle, President Andrew Jackson. Other alcoves reveal changes in women's costume from Martha Washington's day to Mamie Eisen hower's. Carpet was given to President Van Buren by the Imam of Muscat. SSymbol of the Nation's freedom, Francis Scott Key's Star-Spangled Banner unfurls for cleaning. Stitched to linen, these tattered remnants represent about three-quarters of the banner whose gallant streaming over Fort McHenry inspired the words of the national anthem. The curious inverted V at left remains a mystery; no one knows what the applique means or how it got there. Few persons have seen the entire flag because a cramped display case requires folding of the lower six stripes. Smithsonian's new Museum of History and Technology will hang the banner full length. Old Glory's 15 stripes were official from 1795 until the 13-stripe design was adopted in 1818. ANSCOCHROMEBY NATIONALGEOGRAPHICPHOTOGRAPHERB. ANTHONYSTEWART© N.G .S.