National Geographic : 1960 Jul
everything. That way, when they've drunk the broth, they get all the juices and all the benefit." In 12 years, these instructors have put near ly 8,000 RCAF men through summer, winter, and arctic survival courses. In addition, flyers from the army, navy, and Mounted Police undergo the experience, as well as pilots from the U. S. and other NATO countries. Learning about oil in Alberta is akin to studying rice in China. One can begin in either Edmonton or Calgary; each of these cities calls itself "The Oil Capital of Canada." From the cities the quest leads to improb able places: into the Rockies; northwest into the discouraging marshland Canadians call muskeg; northeast to the Athabasca River, where lies the greatest known concentration of oil in Canada. Unexploited and trapped in sand, it frustrates the engineers of a hundred oil companies. Black Gold and the Good Life From a dozen areas oil and natural gas stream into pipelines stretching to Ontario and Quebec and to the Pacific coast. In some fields wells are restricted in output, awaiting the day when Alberta can sell even as much as half the petroleum products she is ready to market. Yet the problems of Alberta oil, however frustrating, are temporary, and everyone in Alberta knows it. Even with problems, oil makes for the good life. Alberta has sold a bil lion barrels of her black gold. And the pro vincial government, which happily owns 87 percent of the mineral rights over its vast domain, has realized a billion dollars in roy alties, sales, and rentals. Mind you-as Albertans would say-a billion dollars in revenues represents only a fraction of the wealth surging through the economy of the province as a result of oil. And it all started only 13 years ago. KODACHROMES(ABOVE AND OPPOSITE)BY DAVID S. BOYER AND HIGH SPEEDEKTACHROMEBY CHUCK ROSS © N.G.S .