National Geographic : 1960 Jul
Like a Ponderous Bell, Saturn Rocket Nozzle Hangs From a Test Stand Eight engines clustered to gether and firing in unison will give Saturn a thrust of 1,500, 000 pounds-more than twice the estimated power of the Soviets' largest known coun er part. A team of former Army scientists, now transferred to NASA, is developing Saturn at the George C. Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, Ala bama. The scientists hope to declare their offspring opera tional in 1964, after flight tests at Cape Canaveral. Meanwhile, Saturn's engines undergo ground trials at Hunts ville. Here a technician adjusts one of the eight nozzles that ex pel flaming exhaust gas. Red glass-fiber shields protect deli cate tubes encircling the nozzle. The tubes carry fuel, which helps cool the nozzle's walls be fore entering the firing chamber. HIGH SPEED EKTACHROMESBY DEAN CONGER0 NATIONALGEOGRAPHICSOCIETY NASA's top rocket experts, Maj. Gen. Don R. Ostrander (left) and Dr. Wernher von Braun, observe work on the Saturn in a Huntsville labora tory. General Ostrander, lent to the space agency by the Air Force, serves as Director of Launch Vehicle Programs and supervises development of rocket boosters. His famous colleague, Dr. von Braun, the former German rocket scientist, heads the Mar shall Space Flight Center. In addition to building Saturn, this center also directs Rocket dyne's development of engines for Nova.