National Geographic : 1960 Jul
Dead cones pock the floor of Haleakala Crater, a slumbering volcano on Maui. Measuring 20 miles around its rocky rim, the half-mile-deep bowl could almost hold Manhattan Island. Erosion probably formed the basin in eons past; subse quent eruptions studded the floor with ghostly cinder mounds. The 10,000-foot volcano's last outburst occurred two centuries ago. Haleakala, meaning "house of the sun," takes its name from a legendary exploit of the Poly 38 nesian demigod Maui. To give his mother enough hours of daylight to do her work, Maui climbed to the top of the volcano, snared the sun, and forced it to travel more slowly. This view, from an observation post near the end of the highest paved road in the islands, overlooks a lunar landscape. Puu o Maui, largest of the cinder cones, rises some 900 feet at center. Clouds fringe Hanakauhi peak on the far rim. The crater lies within Hawaii National Park.