National Geographic : 1960 Jul
Where Pineapple Is Queen .. . HAWAII leads the world in growing and canning pineapples. Spiny crowned and pine-cone shaped, the pineapple is not a single fruit, but a cluster of many small ones. Each "eye" develops from a pale blue flower that blooms but a single day. Usually seedless, pineapples grow from shoots taken from a mother plant. After plowing, machines carpet the fields with tar paper to raise soil temperature, save moisture, and check weeds. On each acre some 17,000 shoots are hand planted through holes punched in the paper. The fields bear fruit in about 20 months. Value of the crop exceeds $120,000,000 a year. Boom harvesters, like these at the Hawaiian Pineapple Company's Wahiawa planta tion on Oahu, speed collection of the fruit. In season, pickers march day and night between the rows, deftly snapping off the ripe "pines" and tossing them onto an 10 endless belt. Goggles shield pickers' eyes from the spiky leaves. HIGH SPEED EKTACHROME(BELOW) BY NATIONALGEOGRAPHICPHOTOGRAPHERTHOMASNEBBIA; KODACHROMES BY WALTERMEAYERSEDWARDS.NATIONALGEOGRAPHICSTAFF (OPPOSITE. LEFT) AND THOMASNEBBIA © N.G.S.