National Geographic : 1960 Sep
Africa, a rich source of gold, diamonds, copper, chrome, co balt, and uranium, now has un covered a wealth of iron. One of the richest strikes on the map lies in western Liberia the Bomi Hills, some of which are virtually solid iron ore. There is the magic of oil: In 1956 the French struck a pool 11,000 feet under Hassi Mes saoud in the Sahara. Two pipe lines to the Mediterranean, from Hassi Messaoud and the Edjeleh fields, now tap a 650-million ton reserve, enough to supply France for perhaps 20 years. The Africa Map portrays the continent on a scale of 250 miles to the inch; handy refer ence insets show outlying is lands in much larger scale. One inset outlines in red the Great Rift Valley, the vast land crack that extends from Jordan through Africa to Mozambique. It was in this same crack, at Olduvai Gorge in northern Tanganyika, that Dr. and Mrs. L. S. B. Leakey found the skull of earth's earliest tool-maker. For The Society's skilled Cartographic Staff, the trans formation of Africa posed a ceaseless problem right up to printing deadline. "Not even when Hitler was trying to reshape Europe," says Chief Cartographer James M. Darley, "were we forced to make so many last-minute changes. But we made them all. There is no more up-to date map of Africa anywhere." * This new Africa Map, Plate 54 in The Society's Atlas Series, is the 19th uniform-sized chart issued since publication began in January, 1958. To bind their maps, more than 235,000 members have ordered the convenient Atlas Folio, at $4.85. Single maps, at 50t each-or a packet of the 14 maps issued in 1958 and 1959, at $5.50-may be ordered from the National Geo graphic Society, Dept. 51, Washing ton 6, D. C . A combination of 14 maps and folio is available at $9.95 . 361 UNITED PRESS INTERNATIONAL Voter's registration in her kerchief, a southern Nigerian casts her ballot for a government to guide her new country. Women of Nigeria's Moslem north have not yet won suffrage. Big three of West Africa, Presidents S6kou Tour6 (left) of Guinea, Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana (center), and William V. S. Tubman of Liberia meet in Sanokole, Liberia, where they weighed plans for a community of free African nations.