National Geographic : 1960 Oct
Globe locates Norfolk, a 13 square-mile Australian Territory midway between New Zealand and New Caledonia. Aerial View of a Lonely Island; "X" Marks Norfolk's Airstrip Polynesians exploring the Pacific visited the volcanic island but did not settle. White men found Nor folk uninhabited and unspoiled, but soon made it an "ocean hell." Great Britain, populating Australia with convicts, began sending prisoners to Norfolk in 1788. With the arrival of Bounty de scendants in 1856, a deeply pious folk replaced the prison colony. Rising population had compelled them to leave even tinier Pitcairn, 3,800 miles east. Thus two small islands today shelter communities stemming from the sea's best-known mutiny. In this view, a ridgetop road leads to Mount Bates and Mount Pitt, highest points on the island. Kingston, the government center, faces the only level beach along a shore of towering cliffs. A tip of uninhabited Nepean Island appears south of Point Hunter. NEWZEALANDAERIAL MAPPINGLTD. F?