National Geographic : 1960 Dec
Thus all the work that Solomon made for the house of the Lord was finished -II Chronicles 5:1 KING SOLOMON 3,000 years ago erected in Jerusalem a magnificent temple that stood for almost four centuries. This painting combines Biblical and archeological information. Stone walls ten feet thick allowed the edifice to double as a fortress, as did earlier Canaanite shrines excavated at Megiddo and Shechem. White-clad priests, some playing trumpets and harps, carry the Ark of the Covenant into the "most holy place." Others prepare to sacrifice sheep and oxen on the altar of burnt offering. The "molten sea," an immense bronze basin resting on the backs of 12 bronze oxen, holds 10,000 gallons of water for priestly ablutions. Ten smaller basins on wheels surround it. 812 The Last By G. ERNEST WRIGHT, PH.D. D DURING OUR SUMMERS of excava tion at the site of ancient Shechem in Jordan, a strange delegation regularly straggled out from the near-by city of Nablus. They came in the cool of the evening - beard ed, long-haired, impoverished men led by a turbaned high priest. They were Samaritans, a once-mighty people now reduced to some 200 scattered souls. Serenely convinced that they alone fol low the pure Mosaic law, they have fought a losing b battle for survival through 2,500 years.