National Geographic : 1961 Apr
Out of confusion, a Confederate hero HERE WERE PLENTY of bumblers in the two inept armies that clashed at Bull Run, but out of the confusion and dust there emerged an authentic hero. A stray bullet smashed Thomas J. Jackson's finger, but he gained a reputation and the war's most memorable nickname. At the battle's height, several harassed Confederate regiments wavered and nearly broke. A Southern brigadier glanced franti cally about. "There stands Jackson like a stone wall!" he shouted. Today a row of can non and a statue of the great commander mark that famous line (right). After Bull Run, both sides waited: the North until a new commander, Gen. George B. McClellan, could put another army to gether, and the South, with some logic, for the North to make the next move. The South had only to defend itself successfully to win in the end; the North lost if it failed to restore the Union. VIZETELLY ALSO WAITED. There was no blood and thunder in sketches of camp life. "At present I am almost at a standstill for subjects for illustration," he complained. What bustle there was he could scarcely sketch. "The only persons who appear to me to display any amount of ac tivity are the greedy hordes of hungry con tractors, who are determined to have their pound of flesh from the sorely pressed Union." Meanwhile, he scouted around Washing ton's perimeter, visiting advance posts and riding out with skirmishing parties. "I am getting tired of this continual 'Wait another week and you will see something done,' which I am constantly being told by officers high in command." As the North's determined mobilization continued, he grew optimistic: "We may have an attack here from hour to hour, and I dare scarcely leave," he told his readers. "Both sides are now awfully close together, and very, very strong. I am waiting to get some definite notion of the next move on the cards, and shall then act promptly." 46 EKTACHROMEBY NATIONALGEOGRAPHIC 456PHOTOGRAPHER THOMAS NEBBIA © N.G.S .