National Geographic : 1961 Jun
chartered in 1483, has records of thousands of pedigrees, including many a yeoman family as well as nobility and gentry. A handsome, late 17th-century brick build ing houses the college and its 13 Kings-of Arms, Heralds, and Pursuivants, who are part of the royal household and attendants of the Queen on great ceremonial occasions. Their decisions on coats of arms carry the force of law, backed up by the Court of Chivalry. It has been convened only once since 1732, but it still has power to punish unauthorized use of arms. Mr. J. P. Brooke-Little, bearer of the ro mantic title Bluemantle Pursuivant, told me that the college gets a constant flow of Amer ican visitors. Most are more interested in tracing family trees than in seeking arms. "Our records go back to about 1264, the date of the earliest existing roll of arms, but the bulk start around 1480," he said. "About that time, following the Wars of the Roses, the Tudors ennobled all sorts of people." Atop the Old Bailey a statue of Justice holds a sword in one hand and a scales in the other, but she lacks the customary blind fold. So Londoners say, "Justice is not blind at the Old Bailey." It is England's best known court, with jurisdiction over major crimes committed in metropolitan London. The Lord Mayor opens each session. He is the court's Senior Commissioner, but he never presides at trials. On the first two days of the court's summer sessions, attendants Baubles, Bangles, and Beads Attract a Shopper in Petticoat Lane London's venerable street market takes its name from an old tale. So clever are Petticoat Lane's vendors, it goes, that they can whisk away a wom an's petticoat without her knowing it-and then sell it back to her as a new one! Pitchmen, man ning curbside stalls, hawk food, china, toys, sou venirs, even ladies' hats. Street band, seeking coins from the jostling crowd, blares hymns and spirited marches in 770 Middlesex Street, true name of Petticoat Lane.